Genital Warts

One of the most common types of sexually transmitted infections caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).  Symptoms include but not limited to cauliflower lesion, or fleshy like lesions in genital areas, itching, discomfort.  In women, genital warts can grow on the vulva, the walls of the vagina, the area between the external genitals and the anus, the anal canal, and the cervix. In men, they may occur on the tip or shaft of the penis, the scrotum, or the anus. Genital warts can also develop in the mouth or throat of a person who has had oral sexual contact with an infected person. Genital HPV is spread through sexual contact. In most cases, your immune system kills genital HPV and you never develop signs or symptoms of the infection. HPV vaccines may help prevent some of the HPV infections that cause genital warts. Risk factors include but not limited to having multiple risk partners, unprotected sexual intercourse, becoming sexually active at a young age.Complications include throat and anal cancer, specially in women with certain types of HPV strains that can cause Vulva and cervical cancer which is why women to need to gt regular pap smears.  Diagnosis is made via physical examination, history taking, pap smear, HPV testing. Treatment includes but not limited to creams like Imiquimod (Aldara, Zyclara), Podophyllin and podofilox (Condylox), Sinecatechins (Veregen), chemical treatment with Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and surgeries for lesion excision, Electrocautery, Freezing with liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy), Laser treatment.